Human Rights are universal legal guarantees to protect the individuals and groups from threatening their basic freedoms and dignity. They allow humans to have a dignified life; free of fear and need. The adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that includes various civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights is a significant international commemoration marked each year on 10 December, and is known as World Human Rights Day.
Human Rights are classified into three generations: Civil and Political Rights such as the right to life, freedom, nationality, political participation and freedom of opinion and ex
The Basic Status of the State that was issued upon the Royal Decree No. 101/1996 outlined these rights as the principles that guide the state policy, and were also regulated by the national laws. Complementing the legal system and seeking the universality of its laws, the Sultanate ratified number of international conventions such as the following:
- The Convention on the Rights of the Child: The Sultanate joined the convention upon the Royal Decree No. (54/96) which was amended thereafter by the Royal Decree no. (99/96) that stipulated the acceptance of joining the convention. The Royal Decree No. (82/2002) stated the ratification of the convention’s amendments and the Royal Decree No. (86/2011) stated the Sultanate’s withdrawal of some reservations in the convention.
- The Royal Decree No. (87/2002) stipulated the ratification of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
- The Royal Decree No. (42/2005) stipulated the acceptance of the Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
- The Royal Decree No. (121/2008) stipulated the ratification of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
In endeavor to find the mechanism of following up the protection of human rights, the National Human Rights Commission was established upon the Royal Decree No. (124/2008); in which the jurisdictions of the Commission were specified. The Royal Decree No. (10/2010) stated the members of the Commission for the first period and the Royal Decree No. (10/2013) stated the members for the second period.