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What are human rights?

Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, without distinction of race, color, gender, language, religion, political opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

What are the types of human rights?

  1. Civil or Political Rights such as the right to life, the right to equality before the law, and freedom of expression.
  2. Economic, Social and Cultural Rights such as the right to work, social security, and education.
  3. Collective rights such as the right to development and self-determination.

What are the complaint receiving mechanisms?

  1. Complaints submitted directly: the complainants come to the Commission’s offices where they will be given a form to fill.
  2. Initial complaints submitted indirectly: Complaints submitted via email, phone or fax for those who have been in prisons or who cannot attend personally to the Commission’s office. Complainants will be met accordingly.

What are the complaints that are within the Commission’s jurisdiction?

  • Main violations that can be considered as a complaint (within the Commission’s jurisdiction). The Commission is responsible for pursuing complaints related to violations of public and semi-public authorities and the private sector in the following matters:
  • Arrest and put under detention without following the legal procedures.
  • Torture and bad treatment in detention centers.
  • Death cases in prisons and detention centers.
  • Lateness in submitting imprisoned person for trial.
  • Prevent the prisoner from receiving visits.
  • Double standards when dealing with similar cases.
  • Refuse issuing, renewing or withdrawing the nationality or any of its documents.
  • Inspecting without possessing legal warrants.
  • The authority’s failure to provide services stated legally such as education, accommodation, health or delaying transactions.
  • Discrimination in the application of law because of the gender, religion, race or color.
  • Violations resulting from exploiting public positions or abuse the authority.
  • Failure in making a decision or delay its implementation, incorrect application of the law, providing wrong or misleading information, or not inform the individual of his rights to appeal or submit a plaint.
  • Non-compliance to the judicial authority’s decisions.
  • Citizens and residents property assaults by the executive authority.
  • Violate the right to life by the use of force or neglect.
  • Failure of security services to arrest the violators of another’s rights.

What are the subjects that do not fall within the Commission’s jurisdiction?

  • The cases that were filed and sentenced in the judicial courts unless they were in relation to failure of executing the sentence by the executive authority.
  • The complaints that were already reviewed and decided upon by the Commission unless new evidences are available.
  • Complaints in relation to disputes between individuals or private institutions.
  • Complaints in relation to financial aids.
  • Complaints in relation to administrative decisions.



Contact Us

Oman Human Rights Commission
Phone Number: 24218900
Fax: 24218906

About OHRC

Since the renaissance of Oman in 1970, the government and his majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said aimed at improving the conditions of all Omani people, develop the laws in line with people’s interests, protect their rights Continue Reading